Lost Lagoon, on the edge of the city at the entrance to Stanley Park, is about 100 years old. This captive body of water used to be free-flowing from Coal Harbour, before it was penned in by the Stanley Park Causeway.
It was poet E. Pauline Johnson that came up with the name Lost Lagoon. When the tide was in, water lapped the shores of the West End. When the water retreated with the tide, the lagoon disappeared entirely.
1894. Entrance to Stanley Park. (Boorne and May Photo. Archives# St Pk P115.)
How Lost Lagoon Was Lost
O! lure of the Lost Lagoon, –
I dream to-night that my paddle blurs
The purple shade where the seaweed stirs,
I hear the call of the singing firs
In the hush of the golden moon.
The mud flats were a source for clams for the Squamish nation that lived in the area, and its name was Ch’ekxwa’7lech, meaning “gets dry at times”.
In the early days the entrance to Stanley Park was a bridge, under which the Burrard Inlet water flowed in and out of the lagoon. Between 1916 and 1926 the Stanley Park Causeway was built, land-locking the water entirely. In 1922, the Vancouver Park Board officially called it “Lost Lagoon”, based on the name put to paper by E. Pauline Johnson, who passed away in 1913.
Lost Lagoon From Above 1919 (Photographer: Stuart Thomson, Item #CVA 1123-6)
Entrance to the Park 1894 (Archives# CVA 677-987.)
Entrance to the Park 1940 (Archives# CVA 586-340.)
City Beautiful Plan
Michael Kluckner writes in his book Vancouver Remembered that we almost lost the lagoon entirely and ended up with a sports field.
The “City Beautiful” plan would have seen the lagoon filled in to provide space for a sports field or a museum or stadium. Michael quotes a Park Board engineer of the time who said, “Fortunately, they never got beyond the plan stage. The design might have been suitable for a Peace Palace or a European Capitol, but would have resulted in substituting for the present beautiful natural lagoon a purely artificial treatment at a very high cost.” Michael comments, “Once again, lack of money saved Vancouver from the visionaries.” [Source: Vancouver History]
Freshwater and Sanctuary Development
“The next phase in the lake’s development came in 1929, when the saltwater pipes entering from Coal Harbour were shut off, turning it into a freshwater lake. The BC Fish and Game Protection Association was given permission to stock the lake with trout. The Stanley Park Flyfishing Association was formed, and charged members to fish in the lake, while the park board profited from the canoe and boat rentals. This came to an end in 1938 when the walkway around the lake was constructed and the area declared a bird sanctuary.” [Source: Mike Steele: Vancouver’s Famous Stanley Park: The Year-Round Playground]
(1929. Archives# CVA 99-1957.)
(1975. Archives# CVA 99-1975.)
(1953. Archives# 2009-001.078.)
The Jubilee Fountain was installed in 1936 to coincide with the city’s 100th anniversary.
Today, Lost Lagoon is home to the Stanley Park Nature House, some great views of the West End, and many of the park’s creatures — from swans and geese to otters, beavers, and flying squirrels.